Required reading includes nine books: Atwood, Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire, Batbayar, Modern Mongolia: A Concise History; M. Sanjdorj, Manchu-Chinese Colonial Rule in Northern Mongolia, Kotkin and Elleman, Mongolia in the Twentieth Century; Zhambal (trans. Bawden), Tales of an Old Lama; Shirendev, Through the Ocean Waves; Goldstein and Beall, Changing World of Mongolia’s Nomads. There is also a course reader available from the Central Eurasian Studies office at 157 Goodbody Hall with an analysis of the 1921 and 1990 revolutions by the Mongolian historian Otgonjargal, an historical play by Buyannemekhü, an anonymous translation of the proceedings of the third party congress in 1924, poems and stories of Natsugdorji, and cartoons by S. Tsogtbayar.
Movies: “Storm Over Asia”
“On the Edge of the Gobi”
“Mongolian Cashmere Traders”
“Wild East: Portrait of an Urban Nomad”
How to get access to the readings:
A copy of all books have been placed on reserve at the undergraduate reading room in the Main Library. All those that are in print in the United States (Atwood, Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire, Kotkin and Elleman, Mongolia in the Twentieth Century; Bawden, Tales of an Old Lama; Shirendev, Through the Ocean Waves) have been ordered at TIS and the IU Bookstore. Copies of Batbayar, Modern Mongolia: A Concise History are on sale at the Mongolia Society, Goodbody Hall, 322. Reasonably priced, used copies of the other books can sometimes be found on the web; try amazon.com or ABE book search (http://dogbert. abebooks.com).
Week 1: August 30, September 1
Introduction, Climate, Geography, Pastoral Nomadism
Batbayar, Modern Mongolia, pp. 9-22; Atwood entries: Mongolian Plateau; Climate; Flora; Fauna; Animal Husbandry and Nomadism; Farming; Hunting and Fishing; Food and Drink; Dairy Products; Gobi Desert; Altai Range; Great Lakes Basin; Uws Lake; Khangai Range; Khöwsgöl, Lake; Khentii Range; History.
Week 2 : September 6, 8
The Chinggisid nobility and the Buddhist church Atwood: Second Conversion; Two Customs; Borjigid; Eight White Yurts; Khalkha; Incarnate Lamas; Jibzundamba Khutugtus; Qing dynasty (to 1796); Jibzundamaba Khutugtu, First; Dolonnuur Assembly; Jibzundamba Khutugtu, Second; Chinggünjab’s Rebellion; Khotoghoid; Dariganga; Darkhad; Dörböd; Bayad; Zakhachin; Altai Uriyangkhai; Tuvans.
M. Sanjdorj, Manchu Chinese Colonial Rule in Northern Mongolia, trans. by Urgunge Onon. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1980. .
Discussion of readings, September 8
Week 3: September 13, 15
Qing rule in Mongolia, New Policies, Independence
Atwood: China and Mongolia; Qing Dynasty (1796 to end); banner, sum, league, Lifan Yuan, Lifan Yuan zeli, ambans, Social Classes in the Qing Dynasty; taiji; family; matrilineal clans; Lamas and Monasticism; Great Shabi; Shangdzodba, Erdeni; Danshug; Chinese Trade and Money-Lending, Chinese Colonization, Duguilangs, Ulaanbaatar (to 1911); Kyakhta; Uliastai; Khowd City; Education, Traditional; Medicine, Traditional; Tibetan Culture in Mongolia, Treasury of Aphoristic Jewels; Sutra of the Wise and Foolish; Didactic Poetry; Sangdag, Khuulichi; Danzin-Rabjai; Chinese Fiction
Map Quiz in Class, Sept. 15
Week 4: September 20, 22
Batbayar, Modern Mongolia, pp. 23-28; Atwood: Russia and Mongolia; New Policies, Jibzundamba Khutugtu, Eighth; 1911 Restoration; Theocratic Period; Khangdadorji, Prince; Damdinsürüng, Grand Duke; Dambijantsan; Sino-Mongolian War; Kyakhta Treaty; Revocation of Autonomy; Badmadorji; Kotkin and Elleman, Mongolia in the Twentieth Century, to p. 97.
Discussion of readings, September 22
Week 5: September 27, 29
Inner Mongolian and Buriat influences, culture, finance, trade and economics
Zhambal (trans. Bawden), Tales of an Old Lama, 1-78; Atwood, New Schools Movement; Buriats (to 1923); Injannashi; Agwang Dorzhiev, Buriats in Inner Mongolia and Mongolia; Dauriia Station Movement; Palaces of the Bogda Khan; Sharab, “Busybody”
Week 6: October 4, 6
The 1921 Revolutionaries
Batbayar, Modern Mongolia, pp. 29-41; Atwood: 1921 Revolution; Revolutionary Period; Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (to 1940); Ulaanbaatar (to 1945); Sükhebaatur; Bodô; Danzin, General; Rinchino; Zhamtsarano; Jalkhanza Khutugtu; Magsurjab; Dambadorji; Mongolian People’s Party, Third Congress of; 1924 Constitution; Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party, Seventh Congress of; Buyannemekhü; Natsugdorji
Reading list for paper due, October 4
Discussion of readings, October 6
Film: “Storm Over Asia” (time TBA).
Week 7: October 11, 13
Politics and Culture in the 1920s
Shirendev, Through the Ocean Waves, 1-47; Mongolia: Yesterday and Today, pp. 1-69 (reader).
Week 8: October 18, 20
The Leftist Period
Shirendev, Through the Ocean Waves, 48-79; stories and poems of Natsagdorj (reader)
Discussion of readings, October 20
Midterm: October 25
Week 9: October 27
New Turn Policy
Batbayar, Modern Mongolia, 42-60; Atwood: Leftist Period; New Turn Policy; Lhümbe Case; Gendün; Demid; Amur; Choibalsang; Great Purge; Buddhism, Campaign Against; Japan and the modern Mongols; Khalkhyn Gol, Battle of; World War II.
Week 10: November 1, 3
Kotkin and Elleman, Mongolia in the Twentieth Century, 99-161; Shirendev, Through the Ocean Waves, 80-128
Discussion of readings, November 3
Week 11: November 8, 10
The Choibalsang dictatorship and the early Tsedenbal years, 1945-1960
Batbayar, Modern History, 61-72; Atwood: Mongolian People’s Republic; 1940 Constitution; Soviet Union and Mongolia; Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party; Tsedenbal; Damba; Tömör-Ochir; Chinggis Khan controversy; Sino-Soviet alliance; Trans-Mongolian Railway; Sino-Soviet split; Foreign Relations; Armed Forces of Mongolia; Shirendev, Through the Ocean Waves, 129-166
Week 12: November 15, 17
Communism as a system
Batbayar, Modern History, 73-89; Atwood: 1960 Constitution; Economy, Modern; Ulaanbaatar; Darkhan City; Erdenet City; Collectivization and Collective Herding; Farming; Five Year Plans; Academy of Sciences; Damdinsüren, Tsendiin; Rinchen; Shirendew; Choinom; Shirendev, Through the Ocean Waves, 167-218; Kotkin and Elleman, Mongolia in the Twentieth Century, 237-246.
Week 13: November 22
Issues under Tsedenbal
Batbayar, Modern History, 90-104; Kotkin and Elleman, Mongolia in the Twentieth Century, 163-186, 247-289.
Discussion of reading, November 22
Film: “On the Edge of the Gobi” (time TBA)
Week 14: November 29, December 1
The New Mongolians
Kotkin and Elleman, Mongolia in the Twentieth Century, 223-236; Atwood: 1990 Democratic Revolution; Mongolia, State of; Batmönkh; Zorig; Dashbalbar; 1992 Constitution; cashmere; mining decollectivization; privatization; desertification and pasture degradation; environmental protection; Kazakhs.
December 2, Film “Mongolian Cashmere Traders” and discussion of reading and film
Week 15: December 6, 8
The Democratic (Revolution?), 1984-1992 and Mongolia today
Goldstein and Beall, Changing World; Tsogtbayar cartoons
December 9, Discussion of Readings
Film: “Wild East: Portrait of an Urban Nomad” (time TBA)
Paper Due in class, December 6