Session 1: Background to the course and the subject
Briefing papers will be handed out giving background information, including notes on pronunciation, spelling systems, chronology and geography.
Session 2: Tibetan History and Civilization: Key Representations
U Tomoko Masuzawa, ¡§Culture¡¨ in Mark Taylor (ed.), Critical Terms for Religious Studies, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1998, pp. 70-93
U Wang Jiawei and Nyima Gyaincain. The Historic Status of China¡¦s Tibet, China Intercontinental Press, Beijing 1997. Chapters 7-8: ¡§ The Founding of the People's Republic of China and the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet.¡¨ & ¡§Armed Rebellion in Tibet Opposed the Democratic Reform Through Which Serfs Win Human Rights.¡¨ (Internet).
U W.D. Shakapba, Tibet: A Political History, New York: Potala, 1984 (first published 1966), pp.23-53
U Tiley Chodag, Tibet, The Land and the People, New World Press, Beijing, 1988, pp. 3-21, 281-283
G Geoffrey Samuel: Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies, Washington, D.C: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993, pp.3-13, 39-63.
GMelvyn Goldstein, "The Balance between Centralization and Decentralization in the Traditional Tibetan Political System: An Essay on the Nature of Tibetan Political Macro-Structure", in Central Asiatic Journal, xv (1971), pp. 170-82.
Turrell Wylie: ¡§Reincarnation: a Political Innovation¡¨, in Proceedings of the Csoma de Koros Memorial eSymposium, ed. Louis Ligeti, Budapest: Akademiai Kiado, 1978,
David Snellgrove and Hugh Richardson, A Cultural History of Tibet, Boston: Shambhala, 1986 (first ed. c.1968) pp. 177-203 (see reading pack)
Melvyn Goldstein, ¡§Religious Conflict in the Traditional Tibetan State¡¨ in Lawrence Epstein and Richard F. Sherburne, (eds.), Reflections on Tibetan Culture: Essays in Memory of Turrell V. Wylie, Lewiston, Maine: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1990, pp.231-247 (see reading pack)
Georges Dreyfus: ¡§Proto-nationalism in Tibet¡¨, Per Kvaerne (ed.), Tibetan Studies: Proceedings of the 6 th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Vol.1, Oslo: Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture, 1994, pp. 205-218 (see reading pack)
Christopher Beckwith, The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia, Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, pp.1-43, 69-83 .
Uradyn E. Bulag, ¡§From Inequality to Difference: Colonial Contradictions of Class and Ethnicity in `Socialist' China¡¨ in ¡§Post-colonialism and Its Discontents¡¨, special issue of Cultural Studies, 2000
Pictures: early Tibetan emperors, kings and palaces
Session 3: The Commissar: CCP Views on Art
U Mao Zedong, "Talks at the Yan'an Forum on Literature and Art" in Bonnie McDougall, Mao Zedong's "Talks at the Yan'an Forum on Literature and Art": A Translation of the 1943 Text with Commentary, Ann Arbor 1980, pp. 36-41, 53-67, 82-85 (see reading pack)
U Geremie R. Barme, In the Red, On Contemporary Chinese Culture, New York: Columbia University Press, 1999, pp, 273-287, 333-344 (see reading pack)
G Chen Kuiyuan, Lantian baixue ('Blue Sky, White Snow'), Beijing Chubanshe, Beijing, 1999 (selections in translation)
U Chen Kuiyuan, ¡§Speech on Literature and Art¡¨, delivered 11th July 1997; as published by Xizang Ribao (¡§Tibet Daily¡¨), Lhasa, 16th July 1997; published in translation as ¡§Tibet party secretary criticizes "erroneous views" of literature, art¡¨ in The BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, 4th August 1997
Deng Xiaoping, "Congratulatory Speech at the Fourth National Literary Representatives' Meeting¡¨¡K.
Pictures: Images, signs and architecture; websites and blogs. See Transational China site at Rice
Session 4: Chinese Representations of Minority Culture
U Dru Gladney, ¡§Representing Nationality in China: Refiguring Majority/Minority Identities¡¨ in Journal of Asian Studies, 53 (1), 1994, pp 92-123
U Ma Yin, ¡§Introduction¡¨ in Ma Yin (ed.), China's Minority Nationalities, Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1989
U Stevan Harrell, ¡§Civilizing Projects and the Reaction to Them¡¨, in Stevan Harrell (ed.), Cultural Encounters on China¡¦s Ethnic Frontiers, Seattle: University of Washington, 1995, pp. 3-36 (see reading pack)
G Jin Binggao, ¡§When Does The Word 'Minority Nationality' [shaoshu minzu] [First] Appear in Our Country?¡¨, Bulletin of the History of the Tibet Communist Party, 1988 Vol. 1 (No.19 of the General Series), 5th January 1988, pp. 45ff., published in translation in Background Papers on Tibet - September 1992, Part 2 London: Tibet Information Network, 1992 (extracted from Jin Binggao's article in Minzu Tuanjie ("Nationality Solidarity"), Volume 6, 1987)
U Ma Jian, ¡§Show me the colour of your tongue or Fuck All¡¨ in Geremie Barme and John Minford (eds.), Seeds of Fire: Chinese Voices of Conscience, New York: Noonday, 1989¡¨, Hill and Wang New York 1988, pp. 414-416, 432-452, including editor¡¦s introduction (Also translated as "Stick Out the Fur on Your Tongue or It's All a Void" in Herbert Batt (ed.), Tales Of Tibet: Sky Burials, Prayer Wheels, And Wind Horses, Rowman and Littlefield, 2001) (see reading pack)
Almaz Khan, ¡§Who Are the Mongols? State, Ethnicity, and the Politics of Representation in the PRC¡¨ in Melissa Brown, (ed.), Negotiating Ethnicities in China and Taiwan, Berkeley, CA: East Asian Institute, University of California, 1995, pp. 125-159 (see reading pack)
Louisa Schein, "Performing Modernity" in Cultural Anthropology, 14 (3), 1997, pp. 361-395 (see reading pack)
Frank Dikotter, "Racial Discourse in China: Continuities and Permutations" in Frank Dikotter (ed.), The Construction of Racial Identities in China and Japan, University of Hawai'i Press, Honolulu, 1997, pp. 12-18, 25-33 (see reading pack)
Barry Sautman, "Myths of Descent, Racial Nationalism and Ethnic Minorities in the People's Republic of China", in Frank Dikotter (ed.), The Construction of Racial Identities in China and Japan, University of Hawai'i Press, Honolulu, 1997, pp.75-77, 91-95
Vincanne Adams, ¡§Karaoke as Modern Lhasa, Tibet: Western Encounters with Cultural Politics¡¨, in Cultural Anthropology, 11 (4), 1996, pp. 510-546 (see reading pack)
Pictures: See Stefan Landsberger¡¦s site on CCP posters.
Session 5: Religion and the post-1980 religious revival of Buddhism in Tibet
U David Germano, ¡§Re-membering the Dismembered Body of Tibet: Contemporary Tibetan Visionary Movements in the People¡¦s Republic of China¡¨ in Melvyn Goldstein and Matthew Kapstein (eds.), Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet ¡V Religious Revival and Cultural Identity, Berkeley: University of California, 1998, pp. 53-95
U Pama Namgyal, ¡§Lamaism in the Tibetan Autonomous Region¡¨ in James D. Seymour and Eugen Wehrli, ¡§Religion in China¡¨, in Chinese Sociology and Anthropology, Vol.26, No.3, Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe, Spring 1994, pp. 61-72
U Donald McInnis, Religion in China Today: Policy and Practice, Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 1989, pp.7-10, 20-22, 32-34, 154-156, 165-172, 367-374, 403-405 (see reading pack)
Anon. ¡§Nang khul gyi dus deb yin bas nyar chags bya rgyud do snang byed dgos¡¨ in Bod sjongs 'phrin deb ("Tibet Information Book¡¨), Volume 9, pp. 39ff., partially published in translation as ¡§The Heroes of Ling: Elimination of a Sect¡¨ (including postscript by John Hillary) in Background Papers on Tibet - September 1992, Part 2, London: Tibet Information Network, 1992, pp. 30-33
Lawrence Epstein and Peng Weibin, ¡§Ritual, Ethnicity and Generational Identity¡¨ in Melvyn Goldstein and Matthew Kapstein (eds.), Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet ¡V Religious Revival and Cultural Identity, Berkeley: University of California, 1998, pp. 120-138
Guiseppe Tucci, Tibetan Painted Scrolls, Roma: Libreria dello Stato. Vol.1, 1949, pp 17-24 (see reading pack)
Pictures: Religious activities in Tibet
Session 6: Modern Literature and the Dispute over Chinese Tibetan and Tibetan Tibetan
U Tsering Shakya, ¡§Introductory Essay: The Waterfall and Fragrant Flowers" in Song of the Snow Lion - Special Focus: New Writing from Tibet, Manoa 12.2, 2000 (Issue on contemporary Tibetan literature), available at http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/manoa/toc/man12.2.html
U Heather Stoddard, ¡§Don grub rgyal (1953-1985): Suicide of a Modern Tibetan Writer and Scholar¡¨ in Per Kvaerne (ed.), Tibetan Studies: Proceedings of the 6 th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Oslo: Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture, 1994, pp. 825-34
G Pema Bhum, (Ronald Schwartz, translator) "The Heartbeat of a New Generation: A Discussion of the New Poetry," in Lungta (special issue on Modern Tibetan Literature), Dharamsala: Amnyemachen, May 1999
U Anonymous (Adrian Moon, translator), ¡§A Monk¡¦s Story,¡¨ published in translation in Background Papers on Tibet - September 1992, Part 2, London: Tibet Information Network, 1992, p.20-26
U Dhondup Gyal (Tsering Shakya, translator) "The Waterfall" (from Manoa, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/manoa/v012/12.2cover_art00.htmlSong of the Snow Lion) (available at http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/manoa/toc/man12.2.html)
U Tashi Pelden (Yangdon Dhondup, translator) ¡§Tomorrow's Weather Will be Better¡¨ (Manoa, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/manoa/v012/12.2cover_art00.htmlSong of the Snow Lion) (available at http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/manoa/toc/man12.2.html)
U Yangtso Kyi (Lauran Hartley, translator), "Journal of the Grassland" (from Manoa, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/manoa/v012/12.2cover_art00.htmlSong of the Snow Lion) (available at http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/manoa/toc/man12.2.html)
Heather Stoddard, ¡§Tibetan Publications and National Identity¡¨ in Robert Barnett (ed.), Resistance and Reform in Tibet, Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1994, pp. 121-157
Session 7: Course Assessment
Quiz on information covered so far in the course, and class discussion about issues raised so far.
Session 8: Chinese Tibetan? Modern Sinophone Literature by Tibetans
U Tashi Dawa (Herbert Batt, translator) "The Glory of the Wind Horse" in http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/manoa/v012/12.2cover_art00.htmlSong of the Snow Lion - Special Focus: New Writing from Tibet, Manoa 12.2, 2000 (available at http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/manoa/toc/man12.2.html)
U Yidam Tsering (Herbert Batt, translator) ¡§Two Poems¡¨ (from Manoa, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/manoa/v012/12.2cover_art00.htmlSong of the Snow Lion) (available at http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/manoa/toc/man12.2.html)
U Ma Lihua, Glimpses of Northern Tibet, Beijing: Panda Books, 1991, pp. 6-11, 106-111, 242-257, 262-265, 313-313 (see reading pack)
G Alai, Red Poppies, trans. Howard Goldblatt, chapters 1-2.
U Patricia Schiaffini, ¡§The language divide: identity and literary choices in modern Tibet¡¨, Journal of International Affairs, March 2004
Alice Grunfelder (in manuscript - title to be completed)
Laura Marconi, ¡§Yidam Tsering¡¨, in Journal of Latse Library, 2006 (title to be completed)
Session 9: Modern Art: Socialist Realism and the Sweet Teahouse Group
U Clare Harris, In the Image of Tibet: Tibetan Painting after 1959, Reaktion Books, 2000, pp.7-15, 150-191
U Tsewang Tashi, ¡§20 th Century Tibetan Painting¡¨, in Robert Barnett and Ronald Schwartz (eds), Tibetan Modernities, Brill, Leiden (forthcoming). Available in ms.
G Leigh Sangster Miller, ¡§Contemporary Art and Collective Memory in Lhasa¡¨, Paper presented at the Xith Seminar of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, Bonn, 2006. Available in ms.
Per Kvaerne, ¡§The ideological impact on Tibetan art¡¨ in Robert Barnett (ed.), Resistance and Reform in Tibet, Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1994, pp. 166-185
Clare Harris, ¡§Struggling with Shangri-La: a Tibetan artist in exile¡¨ in Frank J. Korom (ed.), Constructing Tibetan culture. Contemporary perspectives, Quebec: World Heritage Press, 1997, pp. 160-177
Pictures: Han Zhuli, Gade, Nyima Tsering, Tsewang Tashi, Nortse. See Mechak website.
Session 10: Tibetan Modernity: images, language and programming on Tibet TV
Video: Extracts from Tibet TV
Additional viewing session to watch TV Dramas
Session 11: Television drama series: The Rise of Local Family Dramas
Lhasa wangshi (Lha sa¡¦i ¡¥da sor gtam rgyud, or Lha sa¡¦i sngon byung gtam rgyud? Old times in Lhasa), CCTV/Tibet TV, 2001
Xiangwang Lasa (Lha sar phyogs pa - In the direction of Lhasa, Tibet TV, 2002)
U Yangdon, ¡§God Without Gender¡¨ in Herbert Batt, Tales of Tibet: Sky Burials, Prayer Wheels, And Wind Horses, Rowman and Littlefield, 2001, pp. 177-88, 266-67
U Lisa B. Rofel, "Yearnings": Televisual Love and Melodramatic Politics in Contemporary China", American Ethnologist, Vol. 21, No. 4 (Nov., 1994), pp. 700-722
G Sheldon H. Lu, "Soap Opera in China: The Transnational Politics of Visuality, Sexuality and Masculinity", Cinema Journal, Vol. 40, No. 1 (Autumn 2000), pp. 25-47
U Melvyn Goldstein, A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State, University of California Press, 1989, pp. 186-212
Additional viewing session to watch Films
Session 12: Films
Magpa ( Tibet TV)
The Silent Mani-Stone (dir. Wanma Caidan, 2005)
Longing (dir. Phagmo Tashi, 1993)
U Robert Barnett: "The Secret Secret: Cinema, Ethnicity and Seventeenth Century Tibetan-Mongolian Relations", in Inner Asia, vol 4, no 2, Winter 2002, pp. 277-346
U Poshek Fu, "The Ambiguity of Entertainment: Chinese Cinema in Japanese-occupied Shanghai, 1941-1945", Cinema Journal, Vol. 37, No. 1 (Autumn 1997), pp. 66-84
U Andrei Plesu, "Intellectual Life Under Dictatorship," Representations, 1995, Number 49, pp. 61-71.
G Han Ju Kwak, "Discourse on Modernization in 1990s Korean Cinema" in Jenny Kwok Wah Lau (ed.), Multiple Modernities: Cinemas and Popular Media in Transcultural East Asia, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 2003, pp. 90-113
G Ljangbu, ¡§A History of Tibetan Film¡¨. Available in manuscript.
Session 13: Pop Music
U Yangdon Dhondup, ¡§Dancing to the Beat of Modernity: The Rise and Development of Tibetan Pop Music¡¨ in Robert Barnett and Ronald Schwartz (eds), Tibetan Modernities, Brill, Leiden (forthcoming). Available in ms.
U Nimrod Baranovitch, China's New Voices: Popular Music, Ethnicity, Gender, and Politics, 1978-1997, Universitty of California, Berkeley, 2003, pp. 54-107 (extracts)
G Gregory Lee, ¡§¡¦The East is Red¡¦ goes pop: commodification, hybridity and nationalism in Chinese popular song and its televisual performance¡¨, Popular Music (1995), 14/1
Music and lyrics: Tseten Drolma, Dechen Wangmo, Dadron, Yadong, Namchak.
Session 14: Assessment and Conclusion
Discussion about the course, final research papers and the findings of the research so far.