Humanities 102: Cultural Traditions of the World Since 1700
Note: Humanities 102 is required to have sections on the European Enlightenment, Romantic and Modern Periods and to also include one Non-Western Civilization. This Section of Humanities 102 emphasizes Japan and its interactions and the West.
Humanities 102 is an interdisciplinary course which studies key texts in history, art, literature, music and philosophy. Essays in-class and at home will be the primary basis for your grade.
33% Reading Responses and homework assignments; class participation.
The Humanities and the Modern World (Vol. II) Witt, Brown, etc. Houghton Mifflin.
Mary Shelley Frankenstein
John Hersey Hiroshima or alternate from short list
Tuesday: Introduction to Humanities and the concept of “culture”
Intro. to themes of the course: Ideas of “East” and “West”: Connections and Conflicts; Conflicting desires for equality and power.
Problems with lack of equality: Excerpt from Dickens’ Tale of Two Cities
Timeline of American and French Revolutions
Thursday: Background to the Modern Age: Scientific Revolution, (Copernicus 1473-1543, Galileo 1564-1642)
Protestant Reformation (Martin Luther, 1483-1546)
Contacts with Africa and Asia and the Americas: British East India Company 1600
Importance of Asian trade on American colonies (tea and porcelain)
Introduction to Reading Literature: Blake’s poem “ London” 1794
Homework assignment: “Blake’s “Chimney Sweeper”
Tuesday: Images of Inequality:
Discuss “Chimney Sweeper” in the context of the Industrial Revolution in 18 th Century England
Short history of Louis XIV and his wars
Rigaud Portrait of Louis XIV
Thursday: Introduction to Enlightenment Period
Architecture of Versailles
French: Jacques-Louis David: “Death of Marat” “Death of Socrates” “Oath of the Horatii”
Homework: Read textbook: “Enlightenment”
WEEK 3. From European to American Enlightenment
Tuesday: Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) Speculation on “mankind” in a state of nature
John Locke (1632-1704) Tabula Rasa theory of human nature
Excerpt from “Concerning Civil Government”
Thursday: Thomas Jefferson and “Declaration of Independence” How does the Declaration defend the act of military revolution? What are the assumptions? What are the most important reasons given?
Enlightenment Architecture: University of Virginia, Independence Hall, Philadelphia Homework: Due Thursday: assignment on Wollstonecraft
WEEK 4.: Search for Equality
Tuesday: Equality and Abolition of Slavery: Frederick Douglass and “Fourth of July Speech”
Beginning of “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass”
Thursday: Women’s Rights Mary Wollstonecraft “Vindication of the Rights of Women” Biographical material: Mary Wollstonecraft and Mary Shelley
Introduce Frankenstein; Assign Walton Letters and Chapters 1-8
WEEK 5: Romantic Period — Definitions
William Wordsworth “Tintern Abbey”
Thursday: Frankenstein: Discuss Prefaces and Walton letters.
Art: Paintings of Blake and Turner.
Assignment: Finish Frankenstein (Explain essay assignment)
Discuss Chapters 1-8 of Frankenstein Theme of Guilt
Coleridge: “Rime of the Ancient Mariner”
Romantic Images of Asia: “Kubla Khan”
Tuesday: Mid-term In-Class Writing: Comparing Enlightenment and Romantic Values. Writing about Art.
Thursday: Essay on Frankenstein Due
Beethoven as Romantic Hero; Beethoven’s 9 th Symphony
Tuesday: History Lecture: Influence of China on Japan: Map, Writing system, Emperor System, Capital City, Poetry, Buddhism; Introduction to Japanese Art: Ando Hiroshige (1797-1858) Japanese Woodcut prints; Simplicity, Asymmetry, Transience, Suggestion Tokaido Road in Tokugawa Japan
Thursday: Hiroshige’s influence on Whistler, Monet, Van Gogh
Whistler (Japanese motifs, design, color, as “art for art’s sake”
Monet (Multiple perspectives of same object; transience of color and light; ideas about subjectivity; his use of a Japanese garden designer at Giverny)
Van Gogh (Van Gogh’s letters about Japan and idea of artistic cooperative Utopia, his self-portrait as Buddhist “bonze”, color and emotional affect)
Tuesday: Influence of Japanese architecture on Frank Lloyd Wright (1876-1959):
Falling Water; Imperial Hotel in Tokyo; Explain ART ESSAY.
March 22, Thursday: TRIP to Philadelphia Museum of Art (Chinese and Japanese art; Japanese Tea House exhibit; Impressionists)
Tuesday: The manuscripts of Ernest Fenollosa literal translations of East Asian texts and Ezra Pound’s translations of Chinese poetry.
The values of imagism: concrete, visual, suggestive, simplicity
Pound’s Influence on T.S. Eliot, “Love-Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”
Thursday: Test on Japan; includes analysis of a poem by Basho; Map test.
WEEK 11: ART ESSAY Due (Choosing own paintings to discuss Japanese influence on European and American artists)
Lecture: Causes of World War I: Imperial competition in Africa; growing dependence on raw materials; Nationalism; armament buildup; treaty system.
Thursday: Ireland: Yeats: Easter 1916
“The Second Coming” (Connection between Japanese aesthetics, Pound and Yeats)
Assign: WWI or WWII book
Students to read 150pages from one of : All Quiet on the Western Front (German), or Farewell to Arms (American set in Italy) or Hersey’s Hiroshima or Ishigura’s When We Were Ophans ( Japan’s invasion of Shanghai).
WEEK 12: World War I and the Treaty of Versailles
Type of Warfare: Read Wilfred Owens: “Dulce et Decorum Est”
Trench warfare, tanks, explosives, airplanes. Impact of the 1919 Treaty on both Europe and East Asia.
Thursday: W.E.B. DuBois; Pan Africanism, and Impact of WWI on African-Americans
WEEK 13: 1920’s and 1930’s
Tuesday: Harlem Renaissance, Poetry of Langston Hughes
Thursday: The Blues; the life and music of Paul Robeson
Tuesday: Essay of WW book due.
Japanese invasion of Shanghai to Pearl Harbor Dec. 1941
Thursday: Discussion of “Victor’s Justice” using excerpts from Dower Embracing Defeat (Chapter Fifteen pp. 444-484).
Excerpts from Akira Yoshimura’s One Man’s Justice (Japanese novel gives
Japanese viewpoint on both the firebombing of Japanese cities and trial)
WEEK 15 Final Exam (Open-Book Open Notes; 3 comparative essays with choices of topics)